The Block Island wind farm, photographed in 2016, is located in waters off the east coast of the USA.
DON EMMERT | AFP | Getty Images
The US wants to expand its offshore wind capacity to 30 gigawatts by 2030. The Biden government hopes to create thousands of jobs and billions in investments in the coming years.
The goal, announced Monday by the Departments of Energy, Home Affairs and Trade, is a significant increase in America’s fledgling offshore wind industry that is pursuing other parts of the world.
The USA’s first offshore wind turbine, the 30-megawatt Block Island wind farm, went into operation at the end of 2016. In contrast, the world’s first offshore wind farm was opened in waters off Denmark in 1991. WindEurope put the offshore wind capacity in Europe at around 25 GW. This corresponds to an output of only 42 MW in the USA
The White House said meeting its new offshore wind target would trigger more than $ 12 billion a year in capital investments. It said it would create more than 44,000 jobs in the offshore wind sector by 2030 and support 33,000 other industry-related roles.
According to the Department of Energy, deploying 30 GW of offshore wind would produce enough power to power more than 10 million homes in the US by the end of the decade
Gregory Wetstone, president and CEO of the American Council on Renewable Energy, said his organization is “thrilled that the White House has taken concrete action to unleash America’s burgeoning offshore wind industry.”
“Offshore wind is a potentially massive emerging sector in the US that can generate billions of dollars in economic investment, create tens of thousands of high-paying American jobs, and provide abundant green electricity,” Wetstone said in a statement.
Kit Kennedy, Senior Director of the Climate and Clean Energy Program at the Defense Council for Natural Resources, said offshore wind is “uniquely positioned to address our country’s greatest challenges – the intersecting environmental, health and economic crises, racial and social ones Injustices exacerbate the planet. ”
“We look forward to working with the Biden government to ensure that offshore wind development creates not only a wide variety of jobs from manufacturing to port facilities, but also the climate and coastal and marine ecosystems protects and promotes social and environmental justice. ” Kennedy added.
On Monday, the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management also announced plans for an environmental review of the Ocean Wind offshore wind farm, which is slated for waters off New Jersey.
According to the Danish energy company Orsted, which is working on the 1.1 GW project with the support of the Public Service Enterprise Group in New Jersey, the system can supply more than 500,000 households with electricity in the future.
The office’s decision, according to the White House, puts Ocean Wind “in line to become America’s third commercial-scale offshore wind project.” Looking ahead, environmental assessments could be initiated for up to 10 other projects this year, the White House said.