The National Intelligence Council assessed that the progress made over the past two decades “is likely due to outside pressure rather than domestic support, suggesting that after the coalition’s withdrawal, even without the efforts of the Taliban, it was possible to win him over.” to reverse would be at risk “.
“Although the overthrow of the Taliban officially ended some policies (restricting women’s rights), many continue to practice in government-controlled areas,” the report said.
“Afghanistan’s progress in meeting generally accepted international standards for women’s conditions since the end of Taliban rule has been inconsistent, reflecting cultural norms and conflict,” the report’s authors wrote, noting that progress has largely affected cities and ethnic minority enclaves where violence is lower and women had more freedom prior to Taliban rule. “
“In rural areas, where around 70 percent of Afghans live, the gains are less pronounced,” the report said. “Child marriage and stoning for adultery continue nationwide, and rape victims are killed by relatives for shaming their families.”
A previous US intelligence report assessed that without the support of the international military coalition, which President Joe Biden would leave by September 11, the Afghan government would have difficulty maintaining control.
Biden government officials have warned that the Taliban will not gain international legitimacy by seizing power or restricting women’s rights.
“If the Taliban expect international acceptance and are not treated as a pariah, they must respect the rights of women and girls,” said Foreign Secretary Tony Blinken in an interview with ABC News in the middle of the year. April. “Any country that is moving backwards, trying to suppress them, will not have that international recognition, will not have that international status, and in fact we will take steps to ensure, as best we can, that they do not can.” Do that.”
However, the NIC report noted that in the early days of their emirate’s restoration, the Taliban would likely focus on expanding control of their emirate, while the Taliban’s “foreign aid desires and legitimacy” changed their behavior over time could slightly mitigate “own terms. “
According to the report, the Taliban’s approach to women’s rights has not changed
It was assessed that the Taliban’s approach to women’s rights has not changed. “If the Taliban were once again to be the dominant power in Afghanistan, we would hold the prospect of ethnic minorities, to maintain local variation and technological development, in the prospect of moderating the group’s policy towards women.” the previous rule of the Taliban. “
Last week, bipartisan senators in the Senate Foreign Relations Committee raised concerns about a possible decline in women’s rights in Afghanistan in a hearing with US Special Envoy for Afghanistan Reconciliation, Zalmay Khalilzad.
“We have worked with our allies for two decades to promote the rights not only of women and girls, but also of other ethnic minorities in Afghanistan. And we must not allow these two decades of hard work to be ignored in peace talks. We are guilty of it. ” the women and girls to make sure their hotly contested rights are upheld, “said Shaheen, a New Hampshire Democrat and the only woman on the committee.” Unfortunately, I believe that an arbitrary deadline for … our withdrawal of the forces in Afghanistan endangers these efforts. “
Khalilzad said the matter was “personally important” as he “played a small role as ambassador to Afghanistan in the early 2000s, promoting the adoption and inclusion of constitutional provisions that have helped women’s rights” to fight “women on the negotiating team of the Islamic Republic.”
“We are also pushing for women to be included in future peace efforts,” he said.
“While the Taliban may ridicule women as a sign of a human rights agenda in western capitals, they are wrong. And the threat they and their allies pose to us remains pretty real,” said Dr. Habiba Sarabi, Fawzia Koofi and Sharifa Zurmati wrote.
“We continue because we know that an inclusive Afghanistan is the only way to a lasting, just peace and an end to war. We are not alone: women of all walks of life do not want to return to a time when they are of fundamental importance. Rights counted for nothing, “they wrote.